Harissa sauce is a spicy condiment commonly used in North African and Middle Eastern cuisine. It is made with a blend of chili peppers, garlic, olive oil, and spices such as cumin and coriander. The ingredients are usually ground together into a paste, which can then be used as a marinade or a seasoning for dishes such as couscous, stews, and grilled meats. Some variations also include ingredients like tomatoes, caraway seeds, or lemon juice. Harissa can be found in many grocery stores or can be made at home.
Here is a recipe for homemade harissa sauce:
1 cup dried chili peppers (such as red pepper flakes or a mix of different types of dried chili peppers), soaked in hot water for 30 minutes
6 cloves of garlic, peeled
2 tsp ground cumin
2 tsp ground coriander
1 tsp caraway seeds (optional)
Salt to taste
1/4 cup olive oil
Juice of 1 lemon (optional)
Drain the soaked chili peppers and remove the stems.
In a food processor or blender, combine the chili peppers, garlic, cumin, coriander, caraway seeds (if using), and a pinch of salt.
Pulse until a coarse paste forms.
Slowly add the olive oil while continuing to pulse the mixture, until it becomes a smooth paste.
Stir in the lemon juice (if using).
Taste and adjust seasoning as desired.
Transfer the harissa paste to an airtight container and store in the refrigerator for up to 2 weeks.
Note: If you want a milder harissa, you can use less chili peppers and adjust the amount to your taste.